TYPES OF GROUP WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION
Refer to possible interaction groups within the organization. They include;
- Formal groups
- Informal groups
- INFORMAL GROUPS
Refer to employees local arrangements within the work station for their own personal benefits and indirectly have little or no benefits to the organization .Example include Merry go round and Chamas. They aim at;
- Improving living standards of the members
- Boosting employees financial position
- Improving employee’s living standards through common pool of resources.
- Educating the members on empowerment
- Uniting the members through sharing common interest.
CHARACTERISTICS OF INFORMAL GROUPS
- Mostly its formed to benefit the members
- Continuity of the group depends on the members.
- Group objectives are very flexible in case of making adjustments
- Leadership mostly depends on fame and majority likes and not education level.
- Mostly they are not registered hence not recognized outside organization.
- FORMAL GROUPS
Refer to official groups which every employee within the organization should join e.g. organization welfare, employee Unions, Committee membership etc.
CHARACTERISTICS OF FORMAL GROUPS
- The group has governing rules and regulation outlined in the constitution.
- The group has specific objectives and deadlines which can only be adjusted upon agreement committee.
- The group benefits is mostly to the organization in general and little benefits to individuals
- They are registered hence recognized within and outside the organization
- The group leaders have specific duties outlined to them
- Continuity of the group does not depend on dismissal/retirement of a member
- Leadership position depends on education level and experience.
FACTORS THAT INFLUNCE AN INDIVIDUAL ON THE GROUP TO JOIN
- Financial position of an individual (i.e. employer or employee)-different groups have different financial obligation to honor hence an individual should join depending on financial ability
- Group objectives/benefits- different groups have different activities hence one should join the group that best satisfy individual expectation.
- Job position- An individual may be influenced job position on the group to join because it influences individual fitness in the group in terms of contributing suggestions, interacting with other members, gaining respect etc
- Education level-for formal organization education level contribute especially on leadership where individuals may be appointed as a result of education level
- Size of the organization-well-paying organizations contributes to success of groups and vice versa.
BENEFITS OF BOTH FORMAL AND INFORMAL GROUPS
- There is individual empowerment e.g. financially, skills ,experience etc
- Promotes unity through interactions, sharing common interest etc.
- Improves relations among members
DISADVANTAGES OF FORMAL AND INFORMAL GROUPS
- Informal groups consume organization working hours yet they are of little or no benefits to the organization.
- Informal groups may bring division within the organization especially between members and non- members.
- Depending on their objectives, achievements and challenges they may affects corporate image negatively.
- Formal groups are of little benefits to the members
- Financial losses to members due to mismanagement of funds corrupt leaders
WAYS FORMAL AND INFORMAL GROUPS PROMOTE HUMAN RELATIONS IN AN ORGANIZATION
- Sharing of information hence promoting togetherness.
- Promotes work morale because individuals are able to fit in the workplace.
- Interactions among the members on social activities promotes healthy environment within organization.
- Completing employee living standards which employer is not able to provide.
- Facilitates togetherness which reduces resistance in leadership of organization core duties.