KCSE Past Papers 2013 History and Government (311/2)

History & Government Paper 2 (311/2)

SECTION A (25 marks)

Answer ALL questions in this section.

1 Give the relationship between “History” and “Government”. (l mark)

2 Name two types of dwellings used by the early man during the Early Stone Age period.

3 Give two inventions that led to the Agrarian Revolution in Britain.

4 State one theory of origin about the knowledge of iron working in Africa.

5 Identify the earliest method of trade used during the Trans-Saharan Trade.

6 State two ways in which Africans participated in the Trans-Atlantic Trade.

7 Identify two modem means of print media.

8 State the main factor that led to the growth of the ancient town of Kilwa.

9 Give one reason why the ‘Golden stool’ was important in the Asante Empire.

10 Apart from an empire, name one other type of government that existed in Africa during the pre-colonial period. (1 mark)

ll State two ways in which chief Lewanika of the Lozi collaborated with the British in the late 19th century. (2 marks)

12 Name one African community that took part in the Maji Maji uprising between 1905 and 1907. (1 mark)

13 Identify two roles played by ex-war soldiers in the growth of African nationalism after 1945. (2 marks)

14 Highlight one way in which economic rivalries between European powers contributed to the outbreak of the first world war. (1 mark)

15 Give the main incident which made Japan to surrender unconditionally to the allied powers in 1945.

16 State two factors which promote economic relations between nations.

17 State two ways in which Non-Aligned members safeguard their national security. (2 marks)

SECTION B (45 marks)

Answer THREE questions from this section.

18.a)Give five reasons why hunting of wild animals was mainly a group activity during the Stone Age Period. (5 marks)

b) Describe five ways in which the development of the upright posture improved the early man’s way of life. (10 marks)

19.a)Identify five uses of coal during the Industrial Revolution in Europe. (5 marks)

b)Explain five effects of scientific inventions on medicine. (10 marks)

20 a)Outline five European activities in Africa during the 19th century. (5 marks)

b)Explain five effects of the Mandinka resistance against the French invasion in the late 19th Century. (l0 marks)

21. a)Identify five contributions made by Kwarne Nkrumah of Ghana in promoting Pan-Africanism. (5 marks)

b)Describe five factors undermining the activities of the African Union (AU) since its formation in 2001. (10 marks)

SECTION C (30 marks)

Answer TWO questions from this section.

22.a)State three similarities between the French and the British structure of administration in

b)Africa during colonial period. (3 marks)

23.a)Explain six problems experienced by the French administration in Senegal. (12 marks)

b)State three ways in which the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) promoted the education of Africans after independence. (3 marks)

24.a)Explain six political challenges faced by the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) during the reign of Mobutu Sese Seko. (12 marks)

b)Identify three circumstances that may make the vice president assume presidency in India. (3 marks)

24 .Explain six functions of the president in India. (12 marks)

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